Richard Feynman Quantum Electrodynamics Lecture at University of Auckland (1979) mentions it several times.

This was one of the first two great successes of quantum electrodynamics, the other one being the Lamb shift.

In youtu.be/UKbp85zpdcY?t=52 from freeman Dyson Web of Stories interview (1998) Dyson mentions that the original key experiment was from Kusch and Foley from Columbia University, and that in 1948, Julian Schwinger reached the correct value from his calculations.

Apparently first published at the Magnetic Moment of the Electron by Kusch and Foley (1948).

Bibliography:

- www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ix-3LQhElvU Anomalous Magnetic Moment Of The Electron | One Loop Quantum Correction | Quantum Electrodynamics by Dietterich Labs (2019)

Published on Physical Review by Polykarp Kusch and Foley.

journals.aps.org/pr/abstract/10.1103/PhysRev.74.250, paywall as of 2021.