Like isomorphism, but does not have to be one-to-one: multiple different inputs can have the same output.

The image is as for any function smaller or equal in size as the domain of course.

This brings us to the key intuition about group homomorphisms: they are a way to split out a larger group into smaller groups that retains a subset of the original structure.

As shown by the fundamental theorem on homomorphisms, each group homomorphism is fully characterized by a normal subgroup of the domain.